The White Buck
On November 17, 2012, the first day of Wisconsin’s fall gun deer season, a buck was shot near Leland, Wisconsin. This was no ordinary buck though. Even more striking than its beautiful rack was its color–it was almost pure white! But few people besides the hunter were as excited about the kill.
The white buck was one of a small population of rare white deer that are admired and cherished by local residents–so much so that most people had vowed not to shoot any of the deer, especially the white buck. The hunter who took the deer was from out of town and shared neither the respect nor interest in preserving the white deer–the third white deer to be killed near Leland in five years, all by out of town hunters.
Credit: Carol Hastings
Channel 3 News in Madison, Wisconsin picked up the story of the kill, which garnered massive interest--both for the uniqueness of the deer and the controversy involved in shooting the deer. Technically, it was a legal kill, but by no means was it an ethical kill. Many Leland area residents who had watched and admired the white buck were shocked and outraged.
This website is part of an organized effort to protect the remaining white deer in the Leland area. It brings together numerous sources of information to create an accurate and complete picture of the white deer story. Most of all, it is to educate, encourage, and enable people to join the effort to affect legal change to protect the white deer.
White Deer News and Updates
Proposal To Legalize White Deer Hunt Fails In WCC Vote
The loud thud that Wisconsin residents may have heard the day after Monday night's Conservation Congress meeting was not tectonic plates shifting or a frost quake or even Wisconsin residents bemoaning a return of snow and unseasonably cold weather. It was the crashing of Proposal #35 on the WCC ballot as 3,939 attendees voted no and only 1915 people voted yes to the question: Do you favor legalizing the harvest of white and albino deer statewide?
A proposal to reinstate protection of white deer in CWD zones did not pass, but had a close vote: 2.665 yes and 2963 no. Results are only advisory to the Natural Resources Board and represent only a small fraction of Wisconsin residents. Complete ballot results for 56 other sports-related issues are posted online and can be viewed at the WCC website.
Wisconsin's White Deer: Separating Science and Myth
Members of the public and even game managers often throw out the argument against white deer protection with "it's not science." After doing some REAL research though, the "it's not science" argument starts sounding more like hollow echoes of previously voiced arguments that also had no basis. Read here to find out what's science and what's myth in Wisconsin's white and albino deer herd. Feel free to forward the article to others and to news sites.
The WCC Spring Hearing is this Monday, April 14. Registration begins at 6:30 pm with election of delegates at 7:00 pm. Click here for your closest meeting location.
If you cannot attend the WCC meeting, you can still send a comment (postmarked no later than April 14) to: Mr. Scott Loomans, P.O. Box 7921, Madison, WI 53707, or email him at Scott.Loomans@Wisconsin.gov
Why it is so critical for you to attend: We just found out this week that the white deer protection in CWD zones that was approved in January by the Natural Resources Board is only temporary, since it was just an emergency rule. That means, depending on the vote results Monday, we could lose white deer protection in CWD zones in 2015! With Question #35 on the WCC ballot proposing legal hunting of white and albino deer statewide, we could also lose all white deer protection (and much of the white deer population) in just a few years.
A new definition: We will be presenting a new resolution at the WCC meeting to better define white deer. Currently, if there is even a single spot of brown hair on a white deer, they may be shot. Natural stains on white deer are also being interpreted by hunters as "brown" coloring and their cases are getting dismissed in court by judges who say the current white deer definition and law is too vague.
We need to get this new resolution presented in as many counties as possible. If you or someone you know is interested in doing this, please contact Amy Sprecher as soon as possible: (608) 544-2054. You do not need to be a resident of a county to present a proposal. Amy can give you more information on what you need to do. Read the full resolution here.
WCC Information Sheet From Amy Sprecher
Here is an information sheet that can be printed off or emailed to friends. It has the Wisconsin Conservation Congress proposals for white deer, background info, what you can do, and a list of county locations for the April 14 WCC Spring Hearings. One stop shopping! Click here.
White Deer As a Tourist Draw? Unanimously Affirmative!
This outstanding letter was sent to the DNR in October when the public was asked to provide input on the Deer Trustee Report Proposals, which included a resolution to reinstate protection of white deer in CWD zones. B. Fuller from Madison writes:
I took the time to conduct an informal survey of local residents and business owners (Vilas and Iron County areas). When asked whether they viewed the White and Albino Deer populations as being a significant draw to tourism in their community, the responses were almost unanimously affirmative.
On any given summer night, for example, one can see lines of cars driving slowly down specific roads in the Boulder Junction area with cameras at the ready. The license plates of these vehicles are from many different states. The effect in terms of tourism revenue is clear, even if not empirically analyzed.
Unfortunately, the local population of white deer in most areas there has decreased due to cars, poachers, and some wolf kills, as reported by local residents in Vilas and Iron Counties, as well as from just over the border in Michigan's Upper Peninsula.
Conservatively, the numbers of white deer in the CWD zone are placed at 1 in 20,000. The possibility of localized herds being completely wiped out is significant if the harvest of these few animals continues.
I would respectfully urge the Wisconsin DNR and members of the DTR Action Teams to consider placing ALL White and Albino Deer under legal protection status.
"Harm Thee Not the King's Deer"
So writes John from Mackay, Australia, who describes the "white harts" of old as sacred "to History and Crown and Church." Read the rest of John's comment, plus what many others have to say from the new "comment" box on the website petition page: http://protectthewhitedeer.com/online_petition.html
Couple Says "Put the Science Aside" and Vote Against Harvesting White and Albino Deer
Despite the title, Randy and Debbie Augustinak, in a letter to the editor of The Lakeland Times (Minoqua), point out that it's a "terrific advantage" being white where snow covers the ground nearly half the year--a small fact that pro-hunting advocates seem to overlook: "The 'normal' colored deer are easily spotted against nature's winter backdrop, while their white-colored relatives travel stealthily through the neighborhood, not easily detected by man or predator."
Randy and Debbie also take issue with the statement in the preface to Question #35 on the Wisconsin Conservation Congress Spring Ballot: "From a strictly biological perspective, there is no reason to protect white deer." The Augustinaks reply:
"So? Taking that 'logic' to the extreme, there is also no biological reason to create music or art, marvel in wonder at a Northwoods sunrise, or allow people with disabilities to live, but we should, and we must. Sometimes we need to put the science aside for a moment and appreciate things for the pure enjoyment that they provide."
Read Randy and Debbie's entire letter at: http://www.lakelandtimes.com/main.asp?SectionID=11&SubSectionID=11&ArticleID=20425
Well-known Wisconsin writer and co-author of White Deer: Ghosts of the Forest, John Bates, in his March 7, 2014 Lakeland Times (Minocqua) column, talks about the proposal on the Wisconsin Conservation Spring Ballot to legalize the hunting of white and albino deer. He presents information and observations on the health, genetics, hardiness, and value of these animals, and ends his column:
"For me, the final proof of their fitness is simply this: They have survived, and thrived, over time. If they were significantly unfit, they would have been culled out a long time ago.
Read the entire column at http://manitowishriver.blogspot.com/2014_03_01_archive.html (scroll down the page to NWA 3/7/14 and continue scrolling until you hit: Proposals to Hunt Albino Deer and Tundra Swans Statewide) Also check out some of John's other columns--full of interesting information and good reading!
Time To Take Action...Again!
April is Wisconsin Conservation Congress time and, as it turns out, time to show your support for the white deer...yet again. Despite the popularity of the white deer, and despite the recent law to reinstate protection of white deer in CWD zones, there are still those who view white deer as trophies and want the legal right to shoot them. This is not the time to be complacent!
Question #35 on the WCC Spring Hearing Ballot asks attendees if they favor legalizing the hunting of white and albino deer statewide! Even though the vast majority of Wisconsin residents support white deer protection, if enough people at the WCC meeting vote "yes" on this question, a 74-year tradition of white deer protection in Wisconsin could be lost.
Although the Conservation Congress (WCC) has no power to make actual laws, it is advisory to the Natural Resources Board and can influence policy decisions. Because the WCC is typically attended by only a small number of people, almost exclusively hunters, fishermen, and trappers, it is EXTREMELY IMPORTANT that more people attend so that non-hunting issues can be represented.
Question #35, on the WCC Spring Ballot asks: Would you favor legalizing the harvest of white and albino deer statewide? Yes____ No____
Question #40 asks: Do you support extending protection of white deer to the CWD zone? Yes____ No ____
This last proposal is a "dinosaur," in a sense, since protection was already passed in January as part of the Deer Trustee Emergency Rules Package. However, a large number of "yes" votes is still important to show support for keeping the law and for white deer in general.
The meeting this year will be Monday, April 14 at 7:00 pm (plan to arrive by 6:30 to register) at locations throughout Wisconsin (see link below). There are 58 proposals in all on the ballot, and some are very controversial (hunting tundra swans, for instance, and allowing hunters to retrieve dogs on private property without permission). Be there to vote your opinion on all these issues!
If you cannot attend the WCC meeting, comments can be written to Mr. Scott Loomans, Bureau of Wildlife Management, P.O. Box 7921, Madison, WI 53707 or email him at Scott.Loomans@Wisconsin.gov. Written comments must be postmarked by April 14, 2014. Comments will not be counted as a vote but will be summarized for Natural Resource Board members to read. Even if you will be attending the hearing, please send a comment – the Board needs to know how you feel.
Why White Animals Need To Be Protected
An all too familiar story: Hunters impulsively kill a rare white animal (in this case, one REALLY valued by the local Native people), they post "proud" pictures on Facebook, and then the outrage begins--too late for the animal.
This article from Wisconsin rural newspaper, The Country Today, highlights the need for a better legal description of what a "white" deer really is. White deer are now protected in all of Wisconsin, but not "piebald" or partially white deer.
The term "piebald" usually means having splotches of color, as in pinto horses, but is now a technical disclaimer for otherwise totally white deer. Wisconsin hunting regulations read: "a deer that has some brown hair, even if only a small patch." In this case, we are literally talking hairs--a huge stretch of the original definition.
A proposal to change "white" to "predominantly white" (as is used in Iowa white deer game regulations) was offered at the 2013 Wisconsin Conservation Congress, but later trimmed by the Deer and Elk Committee. The reasoning seemed to be that it wasn't necessary--that hunters seeing a mostly white deer would not even chance a shot. Well, maybe not...
A list of field wardens’ reports from the Bureau of Law Enforcement’s annual report on the November gun deer season included the following entry (from Wisconsin Outdoor News, "Cuffs and Collars" column, http://www.outdoornews.com/March-2014/Wisconsin-Cuffs-Collars-March-7th-2014/):
"Warden Wayne Flak, of Menomonie, got a call about an albino deer that died after falling off a cliff. Flak contacted the party and was told they had been careful not to shoot the white deer, but as they finished a deer drive, it ran off a cliff and died of a broken neck. The buck did not meet the definition of an albino. Flak issued a permit for the party to keep the deer. They named it “Cliff.” The group was going to have a body mount done to be displayed at a local business."
New White Deer Threat
This last minute proposal was added to the spring ballot by DNR Board member Greg Kazmierski, who was present when the Board voted to approve the Emergency Rules Package. As a Board member, he and others were able to add questions to the spring ballot without going through the normal voting process that the rest of us had to go through. His proposal also puts inaccurate information on the ballot that could sway voters who are not informed.
Our original proposal (worded as a question) to protect white and albino deer in CWD zones is still on the Conservation Congress ballot at No. 40--even though the emergency law was passed. This new proposal would not only reverse that decision, it would make it legal to kill white and albino deer STATEWIDE!
The wording of question #35 is particularly disturbing because it reinforces an outdated view of white deer that is still held by many hunters and game managers. Without public attention, this new proposal could "slip by" and become law--only a few hunters promoting this position is all it would take. Just one hunter in Michigan was able to overturn their laws protecting white deer, with a similar story in Minnesota. This new proposal should definitely be taken seriously.
Click here to read all the 2014 WCC spring ballot questions. Question 35 is on page 19. Click here for more information about the April 14, 2014 WCC spring hearings. Plan to attend and vote to protect ALL white and albino deer.
Board Passes Proposal to Protect White Deer!
The Natural Resources Board on Wednesday, January 22 unanimously approved an emergency rules package which included a rule to: "Prohibit the harvest of white deer in the CWD management zone." Four people from Leland and Black Hawk attended the meeting, and two spoke to the Board in support of the proposal, in addition to a statement by Rep. Fred Clark.
The white deer proposal was not a "done deal" previous to the vote, since the rule could have been pulled from the package or amended, and a couple of other speakers were not receptive to the idea of protecting the deer. We were later told that our testimony made the difference in changing one Board member's mind and the subsequent approval of the rule. This is a win at the highest level for our white deer efforts.
Important Natural Resources Board Meeting Coming Up January 22!
Speak up for the white deer! The Wisconsin Natural Resources Board will meet on Wednesday, January 22 to consider several changes to Wisconsin hunting laws, including a Deer Trustee Report proposal to reinstate protection of white deer in CWD zones. Public comments will be accepted before the Board decides whether to put proposals on their February agenda for consideration and a vote.
Show the NRB that people want the white deer protected! It is very important to get as many people as possible at this meeting to testify on behalf of protecting the white deer. If people don't show support for legislative change, the proposal could be dropped. We've had very good support from the Wisconsin Conservation Congress, but their votes are only advisory to the Board, which makes the actual changes in Wisconsin law.
Register to speak. There is a January 17, 11:00 am deadline to register to speak at the January 22 meeting. Call or email Laurie Ross (info below) to sign up to speak. If you are unable to attend the meeting, you can submit written comments to Laurie instead. Request that the Board reinstate statewide protection of white deer and explain why you think this is important. For public participation guidelines, click here.
Laurie J. Ross, Board Liaison
Laurie gives this important information to people who want to speak:
The meeting will be Wednesday, January 22 at 8:30 at the DNR's GEF 2 building in Madison. Enter the building at the 101 S. Webster St. entrance and go down the right corridor to the reception desk.
Rm. G09, State Natural Resources Bldg. (GEF 2)
101 S. Webster St.
Madison WI 53703
Come early! Public comments will be taken between 9:30 and 9:45, but a large turnout is expected because of the Deer Trustee Report proposals. It would probably be a good ides to get to GEF 2 before 8:30...or, as Laurie offered, you might not have a place to sit.
Edgerton Article Features Leland White Deer
"Therefore, in his other moods, symbolize whatever grand or gracious thing he will by whiteness, no man can deny that in its profoundest idealized significance it calls up a peculiar apparition to the soul.” -Herman Melville, Moby Dick
So begins a November 20, 2013 article in the Edgerton Reporter, Edgerton, Wisconsin by staff reporter Jeff Brown. Jeff's positive and informative article captures the social context, the political history, and the magic of the area's white deer. Read Jeff's article here.
Nine-day Gun Season Ends With No White Deer Casualties
Nothing is for certain, but based on word of mouth and a survey of registration stations in Sauk County, it appears that no white deer were killed this gun season. Special seasons, however, including an antlerless hunt and the Holiday hunt, will continue to put the deer in jeopardy through much of December. Results so far, though, are encouraging that more and more people appreciate seeing and protecting the deer.
No Photo Editing Involved!
Photographer Mike Richard caught these white deer by his driveway. They couldn't have posed better!
"Save the White Deer" and "Protect the White Deer" signs and sweatshirts are still available at Sprecher's Tavern in Leland. We need as many signs as possible displayed on lawns and near roads to show how special the white deer are and to help protect them for all to enjoy.
Mike's new business, called "Forest and Flight Photography," also includes outstanding locally photographed eagles, cranes, and swans. Mike's work can be viewed at Sprecher's Tavern in Leland (ask Amy, since photos are not on display) and at Pamela's Fine Jewelry in downtown Spring Green, Wisconsin. A website for "Forest and Flight Photography" will be coming out shortly.
If you get to Leland, ask Amy to see the computer-stitched sequence picture of a young white deer jumping--outstanding subject, outstanding photo, and outstanding art! Hint: Any of these photos or products would also make excellent Christmas gifts!
Natural Resources Board Changes Meeting Date
A conversation with DNR Board Liaison, Laurie Ross, indicates that the DNR Board has decided to postpone looking a the Deer Trustee Report Proposals (which includes protection of all white deer) until their January 21/22 meeting. Again, you will need to notify Laurie by phone or email by the Friday prior to the meeting to register to speak at the meeting. See the paragraph below for the location and other details of the meeting. We will provide more info as we get it.
White Deer Statue on Display at Plain, Wisconsin Business
Hayward, Wisconsin may have its giant muskie, but Plain has its white buck. Find this not-so-elusive deer at the I-Diehl Tap, 400 Main Street in Plain, Wisconsin. The story has it that a couple of Plain residents brought it back from out West on a trailer. Be sure to stop by for pictures with the statue and to thank the owner for his "huge" support.
Public Input Needed at Wisconsin Natural Resources Board December 11 Meeting
The fact that the Wisconsin Natural Resources Board meets almost every month of the year except November was a very unfortunate irony in our last minute efforts to get protection for white deer in CWD zones. We are still going to the Board's December meeting to request protection for the deer, but a decision will only be made by the Board to put it on their agenda for a January, 2014 consideration and vote. Although we have been successful going through the WCC (Wisconsin Conservation Congress), it is an even slower process, and their recommendations are only advisory to the Board.
It is therefore very important to get as many people as possible at this meeting to testify on behalf of protecting the white deer. There is, however, a December 6, 11:00 am deadline to register to speak at the December meeting. Call or email Laurie Ross (info below) to request to speak. If you are unable to attend the meeting, you can submit written comments to Laurie instead. Request that the Board reinstate statewide protection of white deer and explain why you think this is important. For public participation guidelines, click here.
Laurie J. Ross, Board Liaison
The Board Meeting will be held Wednesday, December 11 at 1:00 at:
Rm. G09, State Natural Resources Bldg. (GEF 2)
101 S. Webster St.
Madison WI 53703
*Enter the building at the 101 S. Webster St. entrance and go down the right corridor to the reception desk.
Last Ditch Effort To Get Legislative Protection For White Deer Prior To 2013 Gun Season
We received this letter from Andrew Farrar, legislative aide to Rep. Fred Clark, regarding efforts to suspend hunting of white deer yet this month:
"I am sending you this e-mail to inform you that Representative Clark and Representative Brooks sent a joint letter to the Co-Chairs of the Joint Committee for Review of Administrative Rules (JCRAR) yesterday requesting a public hearing to consider the Administrative Rule pertaining to protection of white deer (Section NR 10.02 (3) Wis. Administrative Code) in CWD zones. This request is the first step in the administrative rules suspension process. The goal would be to have this consideration heard tomorrow (11/7) at the JCRAR’s public hearing and then subsequently voted on in the executive session. We are currently awaiting a response from the committee’s Co-Chairs, Representative LeMahieu and Senator Vukmir. I have attached the letter to this e-mail and encourage you to share it."
We are very grateful again for all of Rep. Clark's efforts on our behalf and for the added support from Rep. Ed Brooks. Here is a copy of their letter to the JCRAR (Joint Committe for Review of Administrative Rules). Click here.
Another White Deer is Killed!
Although details are not known yet, news was received on November 1, 2013 that a young, six-point white buck was killed south of Mazomanie, Wisconsin. He was apparently shot by a bow hunter and found later some distance away by a Mazomanie area farmer. The carcass had been partially eaten by coyotes. We are trying to get more information on the kill and get the story public. This underscores how crucial it is to get protection for the white deer prior to the 2013 gun season, which starts November 23.
A letter from Amy Sprecher to all concerned about the white deer: WE NEED YOUR HELP!!!
October 28, 2013
Since online comments carry equal weight to public comments when the Deer Trustee Report Committee makes their final decision on white deer legislation, it is vitally important that as many people as possible respond to the DTR's survey. If you did not or cannot attend any of the public hearings on the committee proposals, you can still make online comments or send in a paper survey. Amy Sprecher gives further details on what to do:
"I spoke with Eric Lobner, the DNR coordinator of the Deer Trustee process, today to find out if the survey results were going to be the primary driver to the final decisions being made on these questions. The answer was yes. I stated the following concern - that the Board will only look at the results of the Deer Trustee Report survey and base their decision on the survey results. Even though the bulk of our 2000 signatures on our petition are hunters, most people (especially non-hunters) are not aware that the white deer protection is part of the Deer Trustee meetings or the survey and their concern to protect the deer will not be known.
Therefore, I am asking you to get the word out and have everyone you know go to the DNR’s website (dnr.wi.gov), click on the Deer Trustee Report (under the YouTube video), and complete the survey. White deer protection is Section 7, question 19; you’ll want to check the “support” line. Also, at the bottom of the Trustee page you can also make a comment – a valuable step to the process to let them know how you really feel about their protection. If you know people without computers, you can print out a copy of the survey and they can mail it in. SURVEYS MUST BE COMPLETED BY NOVEMBER 8!"
Deer Trustee Report webpage: http://dnr.wi.gov/topic/
Survey page: http://www.surveymonkey.com/s/
Attend the DNR Action Committee Public Meeting!
Upcoming meetings will be held around the state to get public input and comments on proposed deer hunting rule changes that have been proposed by the Deer Trustee Report Action Committees.
Rep. Fred Clark noted in his recent press release that "restoration of the ban on harvesting white and albino deer has yet to receive final approval." Although gun deer season is rapidly approaching, we are counting on emergency legislation to protect the deer. Public input on the new rules package is extremely important, so please try to attend! The meetings will take place at the following times and locations:
Tuesday, October 22: Richland County Courthouse Board Room 181 W. Seminary St. 6-8pm
Rep. Fred Clark News Release About DNR Rule Package To Protect White Deer
October 2, 2013
Rep. Fred Clark released the following article to local newspapers with information on the final Deer Trustee Report Committee's recommendations to restore protection to white deer in CWD zones. See article.
Rep. Clark states in his release: “In response to the many passionate calls, letters, and e-mails that I received, I asked DNR Secretary Cathy Stepp to consider restoring the statewide protection of albino and white deer in CWD management zones. I am pleased to announce that this consideration has been adopted in the DNR rules package.”
“This first step is a victory for the people of the Sauk County community and all other communities who value our unique wildlife populations and the rules that enforce our hunting ethics.”
"It is important to note that the restoration of the ban on harvesting white and albino deer has yet to receive final approval. If you would like to attend one of the local hearings about these rules, please refer to the dates and locations above."
Legislative Update On White Deer Protection
Brad Hasheider, a member of the Wisconsin Conservation Congress, sent this email with current information on proposed legislative changes to protect white deer in CWD zones:
Attached is a copy of the DTR (Deer Trustee Report) Action Team Final Report which will be released later today. This document reflects the efforts of the four Action Teams that worked through seven meetings starting in March and wrapped up on July 20th. As a next step in the process, this information, along with the original DTR Report and public feedback that has been received through the process, will be used to help draft a rule proposal package for the public to consider during public hearings held the last two weeks of October. Following the formal hearings, public comments will be evaluated and potentially changes will be occurring to the final rules package. (Deer Trustee Report--refer to pg. 113 for white deer proposal.)
Herd Health/CWD Action Team Proposal To Protect White Deer
Four teams, representing different aspects of deer management, have been working since March to come up with proposals for implementing Dr. Kroll's (the "Deer Czar's") recommendations for whitetail deer management in Wisconsin. The DNR will use these proposals to draft rules for the 2014 deer hunting season. Public hearings on the rules will be in late October and November.
The Action Team proposal to return protection of white deer in CWD zones is a very positive statement of support by the committee and the hunting community. Click here to read the full report.
WCC Deer & Elk Study Committee Meeting Brings Mixed Results
August 10, 2013
The proposal passed with a 100% voice vote of approximately 36 committee members, but with some qualifications. The chairman of the committee did not want to include increased fines or added protection of piebalds, as was written in the original proposal, so the vote was just for reinstating protection of the white deer.
Having to drop parts of the proposal that we considered very important to the issue was disappointing, but not all resolutions passed at the meeting, so this may have been a political trade-off that we had to make. The resolution will go on next to the Executive Council of the WCC for final review and approval.
White Deer Float in Plain Parade
White "Deer' in 4th of July Parade!
New photos are up!
Good news from the HH/CWD Action Team!
DNR Secretary Cathy Stepp Responds to Rep. Fred Clark's letter
Motorcycle Fans Sign Petition
New PBS Show Visits Boulder Junction White Deer
Rep. Brooks Listens To Leland Residents About the White Deer
"Ultimate Outdoors" Hears About the White Deer
Letter from Rep. Clark to DNR Secretary Cathy Stepp
Baraboo News Republic Poll On Protecting the White Deer
Don't Forget to Sign the Petition
Official Vote Count In
2013 Wisconsin Conservation Congress citizen resolution results are up! Click here to see results by county or by title.
An impressive show of support!
Wisconsin Conservation Congress Hearing
Many thanks to all the people who attended the Monday night WCC meeting. It was a good show, with about 20 people wearing "Protect the White Deer" shirts and even more supporters in "plain clothes." People new to a WCC meeting really learned a lot about the organization and the process.
Note: In the Channel 3 interview taken at the Wisconsin Conservation Congress meeting, the white deer were inadvertently referred to as a species. They are not a species; just a form of white-tailed deer caused by a very rare recessive gene. See the White Deer Q&A page for a full explanation of this color phenomenon.